ORIGINAL FRENCH ARTICLE: Peut-on compter sur le G7 pour lutter contre la faim ?
Translated Thursday 30 July 2015, by
By Peggy Pascal, Food Security Advocacy Officer, and Mike Penrose, director general of Action Against Hunger.
A few days before heads of state meet at the G7, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) announce that 795 million people and chronically undernourished, this being a drop of 10 million compared to 2014. Although we produce enough to feed 12 billion people, one in nine goes hungry. In 2050, even if global warming remains below 2 degree Celsius, half of the world’s population will be vulnerable to famine. Terrifying figures which show that famine and climate are part of the same fight, of the same urgency and the same agenda. The G7 heads of state recently met in Germany. 2015 is a year of development: the results of the Financing for Development conference in Addis Ababa in July, the future objectives of sustainable development to be adopted in September, then the COP21, Paris climate change conference in December, will draw up plans for much of the world’s future. In recent months the German G7 presidency has redoubled its efforts to push for a global approach involving political and financial commitments to fight against hunger. To see the efforts made by the German chancellor a few days before the G7 meeting, we expect good news, a resolute commitment and clear aims. Certainly, the G7 recognises that hunger is one of the main battles in the implementation of future objectives for development and world security. Alas, grounds for complaisance end there. Even though states have set a target of relieving 500 million people of famine and malnutrition between now and 2030, no financial commitment has been put forward, no financial targets defined, it remains to be seen how the G7 intend to deal with the matter. Although heads of state recognise the negative impact of climatic change on food security and nutrition , the proposed response (augmenting production, productivity and income) is outdated and obsolete. World hunger is linked to the problem of access to food rather than world food production. While a quarter of greenhouse gases come from the agricultural sector, states do not always recognise the need to advance agricultural methods creating few emissions and favouring small farmers. On the contrary, they make specific reference to smart agriculture and its global alliance GACSA (Global Alliance on Climate Smart Agriculture) in the face of climate issues. An inappropriate solution condemned from the start by a large part of society. The financial commitments of the G7 should – at least – be renewable in an open and transparent framework aimed at eradicating hunger between now and 2030. World hunger is due, first and foremost, to access to resources, to poverty and inequality - battles the seven most powerful countries on the planet chose not to fight in Elmau in this month of June.2015.