ORIGINAL FRENCH ARTICLE: En Île-de-France, un jeune sur deux contraint de rester vivre chez ses parents
by l’Humanité.fr with AFP
Translated Saturday 24 October 2015, by
Since the economic crisis began in 2008, young people in Île-de-France, in particular those with the lowest incomes, have been leaving their parents’ homes later. One in two is still living with his or her parents after having turned 25, and rents for small apartments have skyrocketed, according to a study published on Sept. 30.
“Young people in Île-de-France  have been having a hard time leaving their parents’ homes,” since the beginning of an economic crisis that has “particularly stymied the residential independence of the least well-off young people,” says the study by the Île-de-France Institute for Town Planning (www.iau-idf.fr).
One in two people in the 20-29 age bracket living in Île-de-France, excluding those born outside the region, is still living with his parents after having turned 25, according to the analysis done by demographer Juliette Dupoizat. She used data gathered in the INSEE’s Family and Housing Study. After remaining stable from 1999 to 2006, this “continued cohabitation” grew (by an additional five months, at the age of 24 years and nine months on average) between 2006 and 2011 in Île-de-France. On the other hand, outside the Paris region young people move out of their parents’ homes at a younger age, at around 22, which is a year earlier than in 1999, for young people living in the region where they were born. It comes as no surprise that it is students and the unemployed, aged 20 to 209, who most frequently live with their parents: 76% of the students and 62% of the out-of-work, as against 39% of those who have a job.
While the situation remained stable from 1999 to 2011 for students, the proportion of jobless young people staying in the family home jumped by 10% over that period, and among job-holders the proportion grew by 6%. Despite their incomes, young people in Île-de-France who have a job account for half of the people in the 20-29 age bracket who are still living with their parents. This is very likely because their jobs are precarious, because two-thirds of those who have a permanent job have left their parents’ home, as against only half of those who have a fixed-term job, and only one-third of temporary workers, workers at a government youth scheme job, apprentices and paid interns. Between 2006 and 2011, the proportion of 25-year-olds with a permanent job fell by 4%, from 52% to 48%.
Social origin is decisive: the poorer the social class, the more the moving-out age had increased in 2011, compared to 2006. Blue collar workers continue living with their parents two years longer than executives and senior intellectual workers (i.e. knowledge workers or brain workers): blue collar workers move out at age 25 and a half, as against 23 years and seven months old. “In a general way, families whose children move out later are less well-off than the others, as are their children,” the study notes.
Thus one third of the families with a child aged over 25 still at home live in a housing project. And most of them live in the poorest départements, the ones that are hit harder by unemployment, such as Seine-Saint-Denis department. This is because the children of poor families “rarely hold down a steady, decently-paid job, and their parents cannot help them finance their first independent home or stand as guarantor for a lease,” the study emphasizes.
Since 1999, “the cost of living in Île-de-France has gone up sharply, notably for small apartments which are usually inhabited by young people” leaving the family home. For its part, the housing project pool finds it difficult to offer young people apartments other than those intended for single students.
The status of the parental couple also plays a role: if the parents are still living together, the child remains at home longer. On the other hand, when the parents are separated, the child leaves the family home seven months earlier, on average – and two years earlier when a step-father or step-mother is present.
But the children remain “all the more easily in the family home, beyond a certain age, if they have a minimum of intimacy and notably their own bedroom,” the study says. In 2011, one-third, or 621,000, of the families living in Île-de-France was home to a young adult.
 Translator’s note: Île-de-France is one of the French regions. It includes Paris, covers 12,000 square kilometers and has a population of 12 million (18.2% of the population of France).